Asbestos Survey Requirements
All commercial buildings regardless of construction date, and residential buildings constructed before Jan. 1, 2004, must have an asbestos survey conducted by an accredited inspector prior to any demolition or renovation activities.
A copy of the asbestos survey report must be on-site during all renovation or demolition activities and must be provided to DEQ upon request.
Owner-occupants of a single-unit private residence performing a renovation inside their home are exempt from the asbestos survey rule. However, DEQ recommends owner-occupants have an asbestos survey performed or take samples of suspect materials and send the samples to a lab for analysis prior to renovation projects. Owner-occupants are required to follow all asbestos packaging, labeling, and disposal requirements, and lab analysis is the only way to identify if asbestos is present in materials. The owner-occupant exemption does not apply if the residence is going to be demolished.
Demolition and renovation
Demolition is defined as wrecking or removing a load-supporting structural feature of a facility together with related handling operations or the intentional burning of a facility. Renovation is defined as altering one or more facility components that do not involve removing load-supporting structural features. The renovation includes the replacement, stripping, or repairing of facility components, such as mechanical ventilation systems, pipes, ceilings, walls, flooring, and insulating materials.
Who can perform the survey and generate the asbestos survey report?
Only an accredited asbestos inspector may perform the asbestos survey and generate an asbestos survey report.
What does the survey involve?
DEQ requires at least one bulk sample of each homogeneous material suspected to contain asbestos to be collected and analyzed at a laboratory before any demolition or renovation activity. For sprayed or troweled-on surfacing materials, at least three random bulk samples for each homogeneous area must be collected. Starting Jan. 1, 2021, each asbestos bulk sample must be analyzed by a laboratory that participates in a nationally recognized accreditation or testing program. At that time, DEQ will maintain a public list of accepted laboratories on its website. When complete demolition or extensive renovation is planned, an asbestos survey of the entire facility is required. When a partial renovation is planned, such as a kitchen remodel, a survey is required for that area of the structure only. Alternatively, the material can be presumed to contain asbestos, in which case it must be treated, removed, handled, managed, transported, and disposed of as asbestos-containing material.
Asbestos survey reports
Asbestos survey reports must now meet standard requirements. All these requirements should be in your AHERA Asbestos Survey report template. This requirement ensures all asbestos surveys evaluate and report consistent information.